Using bzip2 Command In Linux- Compress/Decompress Files

bzip2 command in Linux is probably a way allowing users to compress and decompress files. Means, with the help of this command, users can bind the files into a single file which occupies less disk space in compare to those files are saved originally. Technically, this command has a slower decompression time and takes higher memory in use. When this runs over files, each file is replaced with a compressed version of itself, while the name of files remain same with an extension .bz2.

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How to use bzip2 command in Linux?

Before you use bzip2 command, it’s necessary to install it by following commands below according to Linux distribution:

For Debian/Ubuntu

sudo apt install bzip2

For CentOS/RHEL

sudo yum install bzip2

For Fedora

sudo dnf install bzip2

Syntax of bzip2 command

bzip2 [Options] filenames…

Options available to use with bzip2 command

  • -z: This option is used to enforce compression.
  • -k: Used for compression of files along with keeping original files.
  • -d: Used for decompression of compressed files.
  • -t: Used for performing an integrity check of the file to determine if the file is corrupt or not.
  • -v: Displays compression ratio of each processed file.
  • -h | -help: displays help information and exits.
  • -L | -license: Displays license terms and conditions
  • -V | -version: Displays version details and exits.
  • -q | -quiet: Used for suppressing non-essential warnings, but not the I/O errors and other critical events.
  • -f | -force: Used for enforcing overwrite of output files.
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How to compress files using bzip2 command in Linux

To compress a file using bzip2 command, users can run the following syntax:

bzip2 file_name
or
bzip2 -z file_name

To compress a file and keep the original files as well:

bzip2 -zk file_name

How to decompress files using bzip2 command?

To decompress a compressed file:

bzip2 -d file_name.bz2

Nishant

Nishant Verma is a senior web developer who love to share his knowledge about Linux, SysAdmin, and more other web handlers. Currently, he loves to write as content contributor for ServoNode.